The Kumbh Melas in Dharmanagri were held till 1867 only with the help of social organizations.



In 1867, the British government was worried for the first time seeing the influx of devotees. As a result, the British formed the first development committee in the history of Haridwar immediately after Kumbh.

Most of the responsibilities of the committee were assigned to the erstwhile priests and some Mahants. This committee became the medium for the formation of the municipality for the management of Haridwar. The municipality was established in the year 1868 after the Kumbh of 1867.

Initial functions of the municipality were limited to making arrangements for the incoming crowds of pilgrims. Later its works continued to expand. The huge crowd again came to Haridwar in the Kumbh of 1879. The government started connecting Haridwar by rail. This work went so fast that by 1885 Haridwar was connected by rail.

Badri – Kedar Yatra also used to be on foot:
Later, in 1891, Haridwar-Dehradun railway line and in 1926 Haridwar-Rishikesh railway line was completed. The railways contributed to the management of the rush on Kumbh. Travelers from all the cities of the country were to be brought to Kumbh Nagar. Therefore, by assessing the future, the British developed Luxor as a railway junction.

Railway stations were also built in Haridwar city as well as Motichur in the north and Jwalapur in the south. Before coming to the rail line, devotees used to come to bathe Kumbh for riding the Kumbh. The British traveler and surveyor Cunningham has even written that most of the crowds reaching Haridwar Kumbh used to come on foot. In those days Badri-Kedar Yatra was also on foot.

First the trains and later the buses increased the crowd of Kumbh Melas. Due to the ever increasing number of crowds, the Kumbh Mela was also spread outside the boundaries of the municipality. Even today, all the main events of the Kumbh Mela are tied within the boundaries of the Municipal Corporation.

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