The number of agricultural producers of the state is falling rapidly.

The number of farmers in the state has declined by more than 14 percent in the last six decades. In these six decades, the percentage of agricultural producers has come down from 35 to 21 percent. While the number of small workers in this sector has come down from 37 to 16 percent. This has been revealed in the survey conducted under the National Himalayan Study Mission.

The survey confirms that agriculture, which contributed more than 33 percent to the state’s gross domestic income in 1993, is now contributing only 10 percent. The agricultural sector in the state has been steadily shrinking and the urban sector has grown rapidly. The survey was conducted in selected areas of Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand. Based on a comparative study of the data of 1961 and 2011, it shows that the production of wheat and rice in the mountains is decreasing by half per hectare as compared to the plain. Agriculture’s contribution to the state’s gross domestic product in 1993 was 33.84 per cent, which is now 10.39 per cent.

According to National Himalayan Study Mission nodal officer Kirit Kumar, there is a growing crisis in front of people dependent on agriculture. There is a need to make special efforts and policy on farming in hilly areas. The study also shows that if migration is centrally reduced by 0.5 per cent, productivity can increase by 3.01 per cent.

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